If you are a person who has never used a shotgun before or has been using it for just a short breed of time, we were going to find that this is one of the most effective weapons you could own. They are easy to operate, and it does not take a great deal of marksmanship to have success using a shotgun.
However, this is a weapon, and with any kind of weapon it is really to your advantage to know as much as you can about it before using it for yourself. Here are some common questions people have related to shotguns you should know before you actually learn how to shoot it.
What Does a Shotgun Look Like?
A shotgun is one of the most common types of long rifles, and generally has two different styles to it. The double barrel style allows you to place in two different cartridges that enable you to fire either one cartridge at a time or both if you so choose. The two barrels to the shotgun are located next to each other, and firing both shots at the same time allows you to have maximum bang for your buck.
The pump action is the other common style of shotgun. In this particular style, shells are loaded into chamber, and new rounds are loaded through a pump action. This form of shotgun can hold anywhere from two to six cartridges depending upon the make and model.
Why is it Called Shotgun?
This is one of those kinds of questions it seems obvious. The problem is that most of us have become so accustomed to referring to it as a shotgun that we have never really thought about why it is named so.
How it got its name is that the small projectiles that are fired from the rifle are referred to as shot. It is the projectiles being fired from this gun that are just combined to create the term – shotgun.
As an interesting note, we often refer to someone sitting in the passenger seat in the front of the car as “riding shotgun.” This term dates back to the stagecoach days when the person writing next to the driver carried a shotgun to protect against thieves or robbers.
How Do Shotguns Work?
The science behind a shotgun is actually pretty simple. The first shotgun was created back in the early 1600s with the double barrel shotgun first appearing in 1873. This became a very popular weapon because of how easy it was to use and how effective it is.
What separates a shotgun from a standard type of rifle is how the projectiles are dispersed. In a standard type of rifle a single bullet is shot at the target, and the damage is caused by the bullet penetrating the object, person, or animal.
In a shotgun, the cartridge holds a number of small projectiles referred to as “shots.” When fired, instead of one projectile heading towards the target, the cartridge shots are released from the cartridge, firing forward in a cone kind of shape. This not only allows for a wider area to be hit by the projectiles, but can create much more damage overall. While each individual shot does a smaller amount of damage in comparison to a bullet, a group of shots can do a significant amount of damage.
How to Hold a Shotgun Properly?
If you are talking about holding a shotgun for transport or while you are simply standing around, the important thing is to have the barrel pointed in a direction where it cannot cause harm. Most either hold it so the barrel is facing up in the air or they hold it so that it is facing toward the ground.
If you are talking about holding it for firing, then there are a few different positions that you can employ. The traditional way that many of us have become accustomed to seeing a shotgun held is down by your side. Because of the way that shot scatters you can easily do plenty of damage to anything that the shotgun is pointed toward, even if you have not aimed it. This is why many preferred this particular weapon, as it gives you the most bang for your buck, so to speak.
You can also hold the shotgun up in a firing position much like you would a rifle. You can aim the shotgun in the direction you are looking for, attempting to get an even more accurate shot off. This will help you to be more accurate with the target you are aiming for, but you will still do less damage in the surrounding area of where you aim.
Many use a shotgun using a sniper stance. Laying down on the ground or positioning the shotgun while in the prone position gives you a stable position from which to fire.
There are two things to consider in whatever option you choose for holding the shotgun. The first of these is that there is quite a kick with these weapons. When you fire the shotgun you are going to get a lot of kickback from the weapon. This is why you do not want to hold it against your shoulder for a prolonged period of time as it can cause bruising and has even been known to cause bone fractures. This is why many hold it down at their side.
The other consideration is that you protect your face. If you are holding the firearm in a position where you are looking for greater accuracy, it means that the shotgun itself is closer to your face. Make sure that you are holding it so that it cannot kick back against your cheek, I, or other part of your head. This can cause severe damage.